The Color of a diamond
The color of a diamond is evaluated with an alphabetic letter starting at D.
D is transparent and is completely colorless. J diamonds have still only very very soft coloring. D diamonds are very rare. A diamond with more color than a Z rating is named a fancy.
Fancies are unique. Fancies can be all sorts of colors, such as lively yellow, red, pink, blue, green, orange, gray or black.
The Clarity of a diamond
Little crystals or trace elements inside a diamond are noted on a grading report and the diamond is graded accordingly.
IF or FL=Internally Flawless or Flawless and are the unique types. The following comes VVS1=Very Slightly Included 1.
Diamonds that receive an SI1, SI2, I1, I2, or I3 grade may have inclusions that are noticeable to the unaided eye.
The Cut of a diamond
The shape of a diamond is named the “cut” Engagement rings can be made with a broad variety of cuts.
The most commonly chosen cut is “round brilliant”. It is a shape that has been mathematically engineered to produce the highest possible sparkle.
The Carat weight of a diamond
One carat is equivalent to 200 milligrams or 1/142 of an ounce. 1 carat diamonds are thought to be ideal for engagement rings. Those with ‘petite’ hands may prefer a half carat diamond.
Some engagement rings are much bigger , like Elizabeth Taylor’s 33.19 ct which she referred to as “my ice skating rink”.
The question: How big is a 1 carat diamond?
The diameter of a 1 carat diamond when cutting into a round splendid shape will be approximately 6.4 mm to 6.5 mm. The size of each diamond is detailed on its grading report.